Dice Conventions

Accounting for Fate

Stated simply, a skill check is a way of accounting for random chance or the fickle whims of fate. Whenever a character attempts anything that has a chance of failure, a roll of the dice is necessary to determine success. But which dice should a player roll, and how many of them? To explain that, let’s first look at the symbols present on the Beginner Game’s custom dice.


An explanation of the dice symbols. Today’s simple example won’t delve into Triumph and Despair, but suffice it to say that these two symbols represent rare and extraordinary twists of fate.

Below are the seven types of dice that come in the Beginner Game. For now, we’ll ignore the Force Die (white); it’s used in rare and special dice pools when the mysterious power of the Force is taken into account.


The other six main dice, three positive and three negative, make up the Edge of the Empire custom dice system. Ability, Proficiency, and Boost dice provide beneficial symbols, and represent a character’s basic aptitude, advanced training, and environmental advantages. Conversely, Difficulty, Challenge, and Setback dice provide negative symbols, and represent a task’s inherent complexity, active opposition, and environmental disadvantages.

Success, Failure, and Everything in Between

At the most basic level, if there are more Success symbols (success-black.png) than Failure symbols (failure-black.png) after a roll, the check passes. Whatever the Hero Player wanted to accomplish has been accomplished, for good or ill.

Events are seldom as black and white as mere success or failure, however. Often, things can go well overall but with annoying side effects, or fail utterly while producing an unexpected benefit. Edge of the Empire presents a unique way to explore these further narrative possibilities: Advantages (advantage-black.png) and Threats (threat-black.png).

In the Beginner Game’s first encounter, Advantages (advantage-black.png) and Threats (threat-black.png) simply cause characters to suffer or recover “strain,” a measure of mental fatigue or stress. Everything we do (or try to do) has the potential to either discourage or exhilarate us, and strain is an abstracted measure of one’s level of exhaustion and general anxiety.

Once the Game Master becomes more confident in shaping the story, he or she can come up with other engaging narrative outcomes of Advantages (advantage-black.png) and Threats (threat-black.png). It needn’t always be about suffering and recovering strain; these “side effects” can instead have very real narrative consequences. Perhaps you will successfully break into a building (enough success-black.pngsymbols), but unbeknownst to you, you’ll trigger a silent alarm (too many threat-black.pngsymbols). Or perhaps in failing to haggle with a merchant (too many failure-black.png symbols), you’ll discover that he’s a hopelessly indebted gambling addict (enough advantage-black.png symbols). Once your group becomes experienced enough, Edge of the Empire’s narrative dice mechanic opens up a range of storytelling options.

The Deep End of the Dice Pool

To drive the point home, let’s build a dice pool based around a task of average difficulty: making basic repairs to a speeder. Let’s imagine that 41-Vex, the droid colonist, needs to fix his broken vehicle in time to keep an important meeting. First, we’ll look at Vex’s Character Folio, where we’ll find his “Mechanics” skill listed under the “Skills” section.


The (Int) after Mechanics tells us that this skill is based on the Intellect Characteristic, and Rank of “1” tells us that Vex has special training in Mechanics. All we really need to know for our example, however, is that his dice pool for a Mechanics skill check consists of three Ability Dice (green) and one Proficiency Die (yellow). That’s clearly listed in the third column.

Vex’s player sets aside those four dice, and the Game Master declares that this particular repair is of average difficulty. This means that two Difficulty Dice (purple) will be required. All things being equal, this would be a complete dice pool for a skill check: a character’s abilities balanced against a task’s inherent difficulty.


However, all things are not equal. The Game Master declares that it is raining on a pitch-black night, making the repair more daunting. It’s important to note that extenuating circumstances such as these do not reduce Vex’s capabilities, taking away his Ability or Proficiency Dice. Nor do they add Difficulty Dice of the check; making this particular repair to this model of speeder would always be a task of average difficulty, regardless of other circumstances. Instead, they add Setback Dice to the pool, one for each negative factor (at the GM’s discretion). Luckily, Vex has brought his trusty hydrospanner along, so the GM agrees that this is worth the addition of a Boost Die. Since no one is actively opposing Vex and his task has a standard difficulty, the Challenge Die (red) won’t be needed. Now, we’re ready to roll.

41-Vex’s player makes his roll, with the results seen below. At a glance, all the players can see that several of the success-black.png and failure-black.png symbols cancel each other out, and that likewise several of the advantage-black.png and threat-black.png symbols cancel each other out, leaving two success-black.png and one threat-black.png symbol. The skill check has passed, but with an unintended negative side effect.

The Game Master declares that while making his successful repair, Vex took a nasty shock from some frayed wiring, suffering one strain. Vex boards the speeder and rushes off to make his meeting, considering himself fortunate that things didn’t go worse.


41-Vex’s skill check, after his roll. Dice with symbols canceling each other out have been faded slightly to emphasize the final tally: two Success results and one Threat result. A successful check…with one unfortunate side effect.

In this way, the Star Wars: Edge of the Empire Beginner Game’s straightforward dice system takes a number of narrative conditions into account, allowing players and Game Masters quickly build a dice pool for each task. Then, players simply roll and let the dice help guide the growth of the story.

Dice Conventions

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